Crypto Long & Short: Why Tesla’s Reversal Is Good for Bitcoin


Earlier this week, Tesla exacerbated an already nervous market mood with the announcement that it was no longer accepting the cryptocurrency as payment for its products.

As usual, the crypto market focused on the immediate narrative: If Elon Musk says that bitcoin is bad for the environment, other large investors will probably worry about public scrutiny and decide to sell, right? The expectations game, which consists of guessing what others think you’re thinking, then makes reducing positions the sensible thing to do, regardless of fundamentals.

You’re reading Crypto Long & Short, a newsletter that looks closely at the forces driving cryptocurrency markets. Authored by CoinDesk’s head of research, Noelle Acheson, it goes out every Sunday and offers a recap of the week – with insights and analysis – from a professional investor’s point of view. You can subscribe here.

Related: Bitcoin Dumps After Musk Fails to Deny That Tesla Has Sold or May Sell All Its BTC Holdings

While this may be Elon Musk speaking before thinking, or it may be his board and/or executives bowing to outside pressure, it’s worth taking a step back to look at the probable motivation and strategy behind the move, as well as its hopeful outcome.

First, let’s look at why the Tesla statement was not that significant, and then we’ll look at why it does actually have meaning.

Against the wind

Tesla announced that it would start accepting bitcoin as payment back in February, at the same time as it announced a $1.5 billion investment in the asset. Even back then, the payment option felt like a PR stunt. If bitcoin is a “reserve asset,” a hedge against fiat debasement, then why would users want to use it as a payment token?

Many insist that bitcoin is useless as a payment token, given its high fees and slow confirmation times. This overlooks the fact that in many areas of the world, it is still a better option than existing systems. And bitcoin-based payment rails are spreading.

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Related: Bitcoin Is Much More Than a Speculative Asset

However, for the majority of Tesla’s target audience, bitcoin is unlikely to ever be a better payment option than straightforward bank transfers or platinum credit cards. And Tesla’s signaling that bitcoin is a good reserve asset and a useful payment method presents an intellectual disconnect – if bitcoin is worth holding as a fiat debasement hedge, why would users part with it? Especially when, if they needed to raise funds for a Tesla and had lots of bitcoin sitting idle, they could use the cryptocurrency as collateral for a fiat loan, which could then go toward a shiny new car.

In other words, the number of Tesla customers excited about paying with bitcoin was always going to be small to nonexistent.

Removing that option feels like another PR stunt, and a ham-fisted one at that. The economic impact of removing something hardly anyone would want anyway is negligible, both for Tesla and for the demand for bitcoin.

The reason given for the decision was “the rapidly increasing use of fossil fuels for Bitcoin mining and transactions.” This is factually false. More detailed information on this is not hard to find. And Tesla confirmed that it is not selling its current stake in BTC.

So, with this move, Tesla comes across as one, lazy and irresponsible on the research side – Tesla shareholders have every right to wonder why the company is just finding out about the energy consumption mix now – and two, hypocritical: Why is supposedly contaminating BTC acceptable for the balance sheet, but not as a possible (but unlikely) convenience to users?

As for credibility, when Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey tweeted last month that “Bitcoin incentivizes green energy,” Elon Musk responded: “True.”

And, you have a potential breach of fiduciary duty, something Elon Musk is no stranger to. With this tweet, the price of BTC dropped almost 8% within three hours, producing a significant slump in the market value of the firm’s bitcoin holdings. (This will not impact the balance sheet, which values bitcoin at the lower of cost or market value.)

Elon Musk may act irresponsibly at times, which is a risk that Tesla shareholders know about and accept. But he is far from stupid. So what is really going on here?

A place in the sun

I am not a mind reader and have no insider knowledge of the thought process behind publishing that statement. But I don’t think it was an impetuous mistake.

Tesla’s mission, according to the headline on the “About” section of its website, is to “accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy.” Last week, Tesla entered the S&P 500 ESG Index (up 9.8% year to date at time of writing, slightly ahead of the S&P 500), which selects stocks based on environmental, social and corporate governance scores relative to others in the same industry group. And earlier this week, with uncanny timing, Reuters reported that Tesla was seeking entry into the multibillion-dollar U.S. renewable fuel credit market.

So Tesla has invested heavily in sustainable energy and it has invested heavily in bitcoin. Might we soon see Tesla-branded “green” bitcoin mining?

With the bitcoin payments statement, Musk is kicking the bitcoin-is-bad-for-the-environment conversation up a notch. The flood of counterarguments his tweet received is just the beginning. But with Musk’s tweet and the subsequent price fall, the community is no doubt becoming even more acutely aware that tweeting is not enough. Writing reports is not enough. This conversation needs to escalate to policy.

A rising tide

What does that mean? It could range from fiscal incentives to spend more on energy R&D to outright operational bans unless the energy mix meets certain criteria. There’s also the tool of energy subsidy tweaks.

Incentives are generally good – bans not so much – but the objective would be to nudge mining firms along the energy transformation curve. Many have been doing this anyway.

And officials are waking up to the potential to attract cryptocurrency-related businesses to their areas. In many cases, bitcoin mining can boost activity in struggling economies that have good natural resources but low infrastructure spend.

Tough times lie ahead for officials and regulators when it comes to harnessing the opportunity in crypto. Many of them are still relatively low on the learning curve. We all know that environmental questions are complicated, the problems are often misunderstood and “simple” fixes are anything but. Throw into the mix the still controversial concept of decentralized self-sovereign currencies, and you have the considerable challenge of identifying social priorities, let alone protecting them.

But the more bitcoin mining gets talked about at a policy level, the more “acceptable” it becomes as an industrial activity. Politicians will come to realize that bans will merely send the activity elsewhere. The more the potential is understood, the greater the incentive for politicians to come up with solutions that help remove the contamination stigma. And the greater the mining industry involvement in renewable energy initiatives, the cleaner its image will become, removing a potentially significant barrier to more widespread investment in the bitcoin market.

That’s how the Tesla decision ends up helping the bitcoin price: by escalating a much-needed conversation that will end up removing investment barriers and encouraging further development and exploration of the role bitcoin can play in many fundamental areas of society.

Stablecoin shifts

This week saw what could be the start of a meaningful shift in the stablecoin market.

The largest stablecoin by far is tether (USDT), which has for years been grappling with a cloud of suspicion that its tokens are not fully backed by dollar reserves. This week, we found out that those suspicions were correct.

Part of the recent settlement with the New York Attorney General’s office stipulated that Tether would publish quarterly breakdowns of its reserves. It did so this week, in the form of pie charts with no mention of an independent review by an accounting firm.

The pie charts showed that almost half of all reserves (65% of the 75% “cash & cash equivalents”) is held in commercial paper, which is not always liquid, nor does it reliably hold its value. Understandably, this has made many market participants nervous, although tether’s continued growth even through worse uncertainty indicates that, for most, its liquidity and ubiquity are more important. Tether has a much more significant role as a trading pair and a much higher outstanding supply than other cryptocurrencies.

That might be about to change. Earlier this week, crypto exchange FTX – one of the top five crypto derivatives exchanges in terms of volume, according to – and its retail subsidiary Blockfolio started allowing users to fund their accounts with the second-largest stablecoin, USDC.

And Diem, formerly Facebook-linked Libra, is partnering with Silvergate Bank to launch a U.S. dollar-pegged stablecoin. This is a far cry from the global ambitions of the original project, which aimed to put the convenience of blockchain-based electronic money in the wallets of all Facebook users – the network will be permissioned, accessible only to approved participants, so the extent of its reach remains to be seen. It is significant, however, in that it is the first time we have a U.S. bank launching a stablecoin.

Tether will likely continue to dominate the stablecoin market for some time, despite weakening confidence in its backing (which was never very strong anyway). But numbers are also pointing to a shift: In the second half of 2020 and so far in 2021, supply growth in the other top four stablecoins in terms of market capitalization has easily outpaced that of the market leader.

Chain Links

Swiss financial giant UBS Group is in the early stages of planning to offer digital currency investments to affluent clients, according to a Bloomberg report. TAKEAWAY: Last week it was Citi, the week before that it was U.S. Bank. In March, it was Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley. In February, it was BNY Mellon and Deutsche Bank. The growing roster of high-profile legacy names getting involved in crypto markets in various ways is raising expectations for the second half of 2021. If we think these financial institutions are big, we should remember that they got there on the back of big clients.

Investment bank Cowen Inc. will offer crypto custody services to hedge funds and asset managers. TAKEAWAY: Cowen may not be as well known as names such as UBS, but it is over 100 years old and represents a profound shift in institutional attitudes toward this “rebel” market.

U.S. hedge fund giants Millennium Management, Point72 Asset Management and Matrix Capital Management are all at varying stages of launching cryptocurrency-focused trading funds, with plans to start earning returns using decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms, according to sources. TAKEAWAY: DeFi used to be something that institutions feared, didn’t trust, wanted to ignore. Not any longer. We’ve seen accelerating signs that interest in DeFi functionality and investment is growing. This is astonishing, given that most DeFi platforms have not been audited, have no oversight and have relatively low liquidity (by institutional standards). It is also exciting in that more money entering the ecosystem brings attention, funding, legitimacy and more scrutiny.

Crypto asset manager Bitwise has launched a new ETF, the Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (NYSE:BITQ), which offers investors exposure to companies that derive at least 75% of their revenue from or have 75% of their net assets in cryptocurrencies. TAKEAWAY: This offers a convenient exposure to the industry, with the additional variable of corporate strategy. Going forward, as more crypto companies go public, corporate strategy will become a more significant selection factor, allowing investors to complement direct investment in crypto assets with the potential upside (or downside) of business risk. Until then, given the lack of listed crypto vehicles in the U.S., funds like these are likely to act as a proxy for the overall crypto market.

Renaissance Technologies seems to be following a similar strategy. This week it disclosed multi-million dollar positions at the end of Q1 2021 in several listed crypto mining stocks: Riot Blockchain ($61.8 million), Marathon ($75 million) and Canaan ($4.2 million). TAKEAWAY: These positions are tiny relative to the fund’s $115 billion in AUM, but meaningful compared to the companies’ size – they account for approximately 3% of Riot’s and Marathon’s market cap. What is notable is that these positions were all accumulated during the first quarter. This implies that Renaissance could switch out of them at any time, which could trigger significant volatility in the respective share prices.

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Crypto markets drop further as Elon Musk’s Twitter spat with Bitcoin fans escalates



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Cryptocurrencies have fallen again this morning, with prices continued to be whipsawed by the world’s richest man, Elon Musk, and his Bitcoin rumblings.

Bitcoin, which was trading for over US$49,000 last night, dropped under US$44,000 around 7am AEST after Elon Musk suggested on Twitter that Tesla might have sold off its US$1.5 billion stash of the original cryptocurrency.

Indeed — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) May 16, 2021

Bitcoiners have been feuding with the eccentric billionaire since Thursday, when Musk tanked crypto markets by changing his stance on accepting Bitcoin, supposedly because of environmental concerns.

A few hours earlier Musk pinged British cryptopodcaster Peter McCormack after the Bitcoin advocate sent a 24-tweet Twitter thread Musk’s way that concluded, “from one dick to another, I hope you stop being a dick”,

Obnoxious threads like this make me want to go all in on Doge — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) May 16, 2021

At 11.21am AEST, Bitcoin was holding just above US$45,000 ($58,000), down 6.1 per cent from 24 hours ago (and well below its 100-day moving average of US$48,300). Ethereum was trading for just above US$3,400 ($4,300), down 10.5 per cent. Nearly every top 100 crypto was in the red.

Cardano and Polygon (MATIC) soar

Despite the pullback this morning it was still a great weekend for a couple of cryptocurrencies.

Cardano (ADA) broke US$2 for the first time ever on Saturday, reaching a peak of US$2.46 on Sunday, apparently on hopes the proof-of-stake blockchain might be adopted as an energy-efficient alternative to BTC.

At 11.40am AEST it was trading for US$2.18, and had leapfrogged Dogecoin to once again become a top 4 crypto, behind Binance Coin.

Polygon (MATIC), an energy-efficient proof-of-stake scaling solution for Ethereum, reached an all-time high as US$1.86 on Sunday, up from around US2c at the start of the year.

Polygon was trading at US$1.62 per cent on Monday morning, up 66 per cent from a week ago, and was listed as the No. 18 token on Coinmarketcap.

Solana, THORChain, Kusama and Polkadot all also hit all-time highs on Sunday, while Leo Token did on Saturday. But they were all well off those levels Monday morning, consumed by the Musk drama, which some were comparing to a love affair gone wrong.

Circling back to Elon Musk and Bitcoin…

Bitcoin Twitter is definitely still in the anger stage of grief from the Elon breakup. — Girl Gone Crypto (@girlgone_crypto) May 17, 2021

i will never forgive elon musk — CryptoFinally 💫 (@CryptoFinally) May 15, 2021

#Bitcoin doesn’t need Elon Musk and personally, I’m getting absolutely irritated by the way this market is acting based on his tweets. It’s a fucking joke. — Michaël van de Poppe (@CryptoMichNL) May 16, 2021

Musk, who co-founded a payments company known as, which was acquired by Paypal in 2000, seemed clearly uninterested in being lectured by Bitcoiners.

Hey cryptocurrency “experts”, ever heard of PayPal? It’s possible … maybe … that I know than you realize about how money works. — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) May 16, 2021

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Crypto Markets Take Deep Losses, Global Trade Volumes Skyrocket, Elon Battles Crypto Twitter – Markets and Prices Bitcoin News


Crypto Markets Take Deep Losses, Global Trade Volumes Skyrocket, Elon Battles Crypto Twitter

Bitcoin and a slew of digital currency markets are seeing significant losses on Sunday as a majority of coins are down between 2-15% during the last 24 hours. The entire crypto-economy has dropped more than 6% and bitcoin dominance is down to 40% the lowest the metric has been in two years.

Crypto Markets Face New Lows

Cryptocurrency markets lost billions on Sunday, as the price of the leading crypto asset bitcoin (BTC) slid from $49,800 to a low of $44,070 per unit. BTC lost 5.5% today and during the past seven days, bitcoin shed more than 20% in value.

Bitcoin (BTC) dominance levels have dropped to the lowest levels in two years. Crashing to a low of 40% on Sunday, while ethereum (ETH) captures 18.9%. Besides ETH, coins like BNB, ADA, XRP, DOT, and others have been eating away at BTC’s dominance index.

The second-largest crypto asset, in terms of market valuation, ethereum (ETH) is down more than 9% today, but has only lost 11% during the last week. ETH is seeing around $42 billion in reported global trade volume on Sunday.

This weekend, a number of proof-of-stake (PoS) crypto assets are doing better than assets that leverage consensus models like proof-of-work. On Sunday afternoon, the PoS token peercoin is the second-largest crypto gainer, gathering 97.5% during the last 24 hours.

On Sunday afternoon, Tesla’s Elon Musk has been awfully talkative when it comes to discussing bitcoin (BTC). Musk made some statements to the podcast host Peter McCormack and said: “Bitcoin is actually highly centralized, with supermajority controlled by handful of big mining (aka hashing) companies.”

In another Twitter exchange, a Twitter account called “Mr. Whale,” said: “Bitcoiners are going to slap themselves next quarter when they find out Tesla dumped the rest of their Bitcoin holdings. With the amount of hate Elon Musk is getting, I wouldn’t blame him…” Musk responded to this tweet and replied: “Indeed” and even tweeted a screenshot of Mr. Whale’s tweet because some people couldn’t see it.

At the time of writing, on 377 exchanges that tally 9,845 crypto assets, the overall crypto economy is valued at $2.107 trillion. There’s also been about $191 billion in reported global trade volume on Sunday according to market aggregators.

The top stablecoins by market capitalization are benefitting from the crypto market downturn as stablecoins such as USDT, USDC, BUSD, and more are seeing heavy demand.

What do you think about the market downturn this weekend? Let us know what you think about this subject in the comments section below.

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